Backyard Orchard News
The places to "bee" for beekeepers in September and November are the Big Island of Hawaii and the...
Honey bee on gallardia. (Photo by Kathy Keatley Garvey)
Up close and personal, those blue damselflies (suborder Zygoptera, order Odonata) look...
Blue damselfy resting on nectarine leaf. (Photo by Kathy Keatley Garvey)
Wide view of a blue damselfly perched on a nectarine leaf. (Photo by Kathy Keatley Garvey)
The Beekeeper's Lament: How One Man and Half a Billion Honey Bees Help Feed America should be...
Beekeeper John Miller (right, with yellow gloves and smoker) tending his hives. Copyrighted photo, 2010, by Melody Owen, used with permission.
Pat Heitkam of Orland, who operates a queen bee-rearing business, tends his hives. He is mentioned in "The Beekeeper's Lament." (Photo by Kathy Keatley Garvey)
C. F. Koehnens & Sons is one of the bee businesses mentioned in the book. Here Susan Cobey of UC Davis chats with Bob Koehnen (back to camera). (Photo by Kathy Keatley Garvey)
At least one on-line weather forecasting site is predicting rain for Aug 20-22. That is right about the time prune harvest may begin in the Sutter/Yuba area. The forecast could be mistaken, but it might be a good idea to make sure your sprayer is ready and you have the best program (fungicide, sprayer set up and calibration) ready if needed.
Sprays to protect prune fruit from brown rot must be applied before rain. Research by Dr. Jim Adaskaveg, University of California professor of plant pathology, has shown the following materials and application practices to provide the best possible protection:
Best Materials (++++) in the 2011 UC Fungicide Efficacy and Timing publication followed by fungicide class (in parenthesis) appear below. Dr. Adaskaveg advises growers not to use the same fungicide chemistry more than 2 times in a single growing season. Check the label, consult with your packer and PCA before applying a fungicide preharvest.
- Bumper/Tilt (3)
- Indar (3)
- Quash (3)
- Pristine (7/11)
- Quilt Xcel (3/11)
Complete information at: http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PDF/PMG/fungicideefficacytiming.pdf
I strongly suggest growers talk with their PCA about tank mixing two chemistry groups if allowed by the label and a premixed material has not been selected. For fruit brown rot control, Group 9 materials are rated +++ (good and reliable) by Dr. Adaskeveg compared to ++ (moderate and variable) for Group 11 materials. Group 9 materials should provide better resistance management support of Group 3 materials for fruit brown rot control than Group 11 materials.
Best results with research by Dr. Adaskaveg on prune fruit brown rot control include the following practices:
- Adding 1-2 gallons of 415 weight summer oil for each 100 gallons of spray water in the tank. Use of 440 weight oil instead of 415 oil may provide similar results, although this has not been tested. 440 weight oils are labeled for summer use, but max rate is 1 gallon per 100 gallons. Check the label of the oil product before spraying. Make sure there is NO sulfur in your spray tank (or sprayer filters) before adding oil to the tank.
- Using high spray volume ( for example 160-200 gallons/acre)
The most difficult spray job of the season is preharvest, when the canopy is most dense and weighed down by the weight of the crop. Slow tractor speeds will deliver the best spray coverage under these conditions. Slow down and do the best job possible.
Aerial application will provide less control than careful ground application.
Finally, lower your expectations. Fruit brown rot control preharvest is difficult. This is especially true when conditions (warm and wet weather + clustered fruit) favor infection. Complete control may not be possible.
On July 27, Dr. Beth Grafton-Cardwell held an earwig field day at Lindcove featuring the work of...
Carla teaches about the impact of earwigs on young trees